AJANTA-ELLORA-DAULATABAD

Aurangabad, one of the most important towns of modern India is too prominent in the Indian history of art and sculptures. Ajanta Caves, Ellora, and Daulatabad are situated in Aurangabad. We traveled from Mumbai to experience the amazing part of Indian art history. We stayed in Aurangabad for a day to visit Bibi ka Maqbarra and the lovely city. Ajanta is situated 100km towards the northeast to Aurangabad city and Ellora is on the northwest part. So one day we visited Ajanta caves and were stunned by seeing those cave paintings. The next day we traveled to Ellora and the Daulatabad fort. Kailasha temple is an example of sculptural excellence. The temple was cut out of a single stone. The Goddess Laxmi sculpture at the entrance of the temple is a brilliant example of 3d sculpture on a single plane. Daulatabad fort has a strong history and heritage. If water was not the problem at that time, then Daulatabad would have been our capital as it was shifted by Mohd Bin Tughlaq. The fort was never won by anyone. There were seven camouflages that were never possible for any warrior to concur with the fort.   

The Ajanta Caves are approximately 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. The caves include paintings and rock-cut sculptures described as among the finest surviving examples of ancient Indian art, particularly expressive paintings that present emotions through gesture, pose, and form.

Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Aurangabad, India. It is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world, featuring Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain monuments, and artwork, dating from the 600–1000 CE period. Cave 16, in particular, features the largest single monolithic rock excavation in the world, the Kailasha temple, a chariot shaped monument dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Kailasha temple excavation also features sculptures depicting the gods, goddesses, and mythologies found in VaishnavismShaktism as well as relief panels summarizing the two major Hindu Epics.

Daulatabad Fort, also known as Devagiri or Deogiri, is a historical fortified citadel located in AurangabadMaharashtra, India. It was the capital of the Yadava dynasty (9th century–14th century CE), for a brief time the capital of the Delhi Sultanate (1327–1334), and later a secondary capital of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate (1499–1636). Around the sixth century CE, Devagiri emerged as an important uplands town near present-day Aurangabad, along caravan routes going towards western and southern India. The historical triangular fortress in the city was initially built around 1187 by the first Yadava king, Bhillama V.

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